Esophageal cancer is on the rise in the United States and worldwide. Esophageal cancer exists as two main types: adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell type is most commonly seen in the middle of the esophagus and is linked to alcohol consumption and smoking. Barrett’s esophagus raises the risk for adenocarcinoma. This is the more prevalent kind of esophageal cancer in Western countries and is found most commonly at the end of the esophagus. Additional risks for adenocarcinoma include male gender, obesity, smoking and age. Esophageal cancer is not very common in the United States.